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Home > By DEPARTMENTS > Green Operations > California Environmental Compliance > California AB 32

AB 32's 44 Early Action Programs by ARB

AB 32 Discrete Early Action and Early Action list of the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006

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A suite of 44 Early Actions have been acted on by the ARB Board. These Early Actions are a mix of regulatory and voluntary greenhouse gas strategies, to be implemented during the 2007 - 2012 timeframe under AB32, California's groundbreaking law to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020.

The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32) creates a comprehensive, multi-year program to reduce GHG emissions in California, with the overall goal of restoring emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020 Discrete Early Action – Greenhouse gas reduction measure underway or to be initiated by ARB that meets the AB 32 legal definition as identified by the Health and Safety Code Section 38560.5. Discrete early actions are regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions adopted by the Board and enforceable by January 1, 2010.

Early Action – Greenhouse gas reduction measures underway or to be initiated by ARB in the 2007 – 2012 timeframe. These measures may be regulatory or non-regulatory in nature.

The ARB is one of many state agencies pursuing early actions. The CAT has identified and is refining additional GHG reduction strategies that can be accomplished or initiated in the 2007-2009 period.

The ARB is also in the process of developing a comprehensive Scoping Plan, due in late 2008, which will outline a multifaceted approach to meeting the 2020 emissions reduction target defined in AB 32. The Scoping Plan will evaluate opportunities for sector-specific reductions, integrate synergistically all ARB and CAT early actions and additional GHG reduction measures by both entities, identify additional measures to be pursued as regulations, and define the role of any potential market mechanisms such as a cap-and-trade program.

AB 32 requires that all GHG reduction regulations adopted and implemented by the Board be technologically feasible and cost-effective. The law also requires that GHG measures be structured to prevent negative impacts on emissions of criteria pollutants (e.g., hydrocarbons, particulate matter) and to avoid any disproportionate socioeconomic effects (among other criteria).

Measures Recommended for Reclassification as Discrete Early Actions

  1. SmartWay Truck Efficiency requiring existing trucks/trailers to be retrofitted with the best available “SmartWay Transport”5 and/or ARB approved technology. Technologies that reduce GHG emissions from trucks may include devices that reduce aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance. Aerodynamic drag may be reduced using devices such as cab roof fairings, cab side gap fairings, cab side skirts, and on the trailer side, trailer side skirts, gap fairings, and trailer tail. Rolling resistance may be reduced using single wide tires or low-rolling resistance tires and automatic tire inflation systems on both the tractor and the trailer.
  2. Tire Inflation Program: This measure is recommended to be re-classified as a discrete early action measure. The strategy involves actions to ensure that vehicle tire pressure is maintained to manufacturer specifications. Specifically, the strategy seeks to ensure that tire pressure in older vehicles is monitored by requiring that tires be checked and inflated at regular service intervals. One potential approach would be to require all vehicle service facilities, such as dealerships, maintenance garages, and Smog Check stations, to check and properly inflate tires. It is also anticipated that signage at fueling stations clearly indicate the availability of compressed air at no charge. Staff also recommends that the feasibility of conducting an extensive outreach program be investigated.
  3. Reduction of PFCs from the Semiconductor Industry: This measure is recommended to be re-classified as a discrete early action measure. The strategy involves establishing a PFC emissions reduction goal and determining measures to achieve that goal. There are several approaches the industry has either employed or committed to continue evaluating to reduce PFC emissions from semiconductor production, including process optimization (optimizing the use of PFCs, such as in the chamber cleaning process), alternative chemistry development, emissions abatement; and recovery/recycling (separation of fluorinated compounds from other gases for further processing and reuse).
  4. Green Ports: This measure is recommended as an additional discrete early action measure. The strategy involves providing an alternative source of power for ships while they are docked. For example, the ships can use cables to receive electricity from the shore, thereby allowing them to shut off their auxiliary engines, reducing emissions of air pollutants. Staff proposes to present the draft regulation to the Board as a measure to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) and diesel particular (PM) emissions and to quantify the associated (carbon dioxide) CO2 emission reductions. By focusing on NOx and PM reductions, staff will address the local and regional health impacts of ships docked in California’s ports, including any disproportionate impacts those emissions may have on surrounding communities.
  5. Refrigerant Tracking, Reporting, and Recovery Program: This measure is recommended as an additional early action. The strategy involves the reduction of emissions of high GWP GHGs through establishing requirements for enhanced monitoring, enforcement, reporting, and recovery.

    ---Refrigerant Recovery from Decommissioned Refrigerated Shipping Containers:

    ---Residential Refrigeration Program: This involves supporting existing voluntary programs to promote the upgrade of residential refrigeration equipment in need of repair, such as refrigerators and freezers.

    ---High-GWP Refrigerant Tracking, Reporting, and Deposit Program: This strategy involves 1)

  6. Cement (A): Energy Efficiency of California Cement Facilities: This measure is recommended as an additional early action. The strategy involves reducing CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, calcination, and electricity use by converting to a low-carbon fuel-based production, decreasing fuel consumption, and improving energy efficiency practices and technologies in cement production.
  7. Cement (B): Blended Cements: This measure is recommended as an additional early action. The strategy to reduce CO2 emissions involves the addition of blending materials such as limestone, fly ash, natural pozzolan and/or slag to replace some of the clinker in the production of Portland Cement. Currently, ASTM cement specifications allow for replacement of up to 5% clinker with limestone. Most manufacturers could in fact replace up to 4% with limestone.
  8. Anti-idling Enforcement: This measure is recommended as an additional early action. The strategy guarantees emission reductions as claimed by increasing compliance with anti-idling rules, thereby reducing the amount of fuel burned through unnecessary idling.
  9. Collaborative Research to Understand How to Reduce GHG Emissions from Nitrogen Land Application: This measure is recommended as an additional early action. The strategy involves the identification of methodologies for better characterizing California’s nitrogen cycle. An important first step to better characterizing the relationship between nitrogen land application and nitrous oxide formation in California agriculture, landscaping and other uses as well as opportunities for emission reductions is a collaborative research effort with stakeholders. The research is expected to focus on identifying optimal ways to reduce nitrous oxide emissions while increasing soil retention of nitrogen for plant uptake.

Suite of 44 Early Actions

  1. Above ground storage tanks
  2. Diesel - Offroad equipment (non-agricultural)
  3. Forestry protocol adoption
  4. Diesel - Port trucks
  5. Diesel - Vessel main engine fuel specifications
  6. Diesel - Commerical harbor craft
  7. Green ports
  8. Manure management (methane digester protocol)
  9. Local government GHG reduction guidance / protocols
  10. Business GHG reduction guidance / protocols
  11. Cool communities program
  12. Reduction of high GWP GHGs used in consumer products
  13. Reduction of PFCs from semiconductor industry
  14. SmartWay truck efficiency
  15. Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)
  16. Reduction of HFC-134a from DIY MVAC servicing
  17. Improved landfill gas capture
  18. Gasoline dispenser hose replaement
  19. Portable outboard marine tanks
  20. Standards for off-cycle driving conditions
  21. Diesel-privately owned on-road trucks
  22. Anti-idling enforcement
  23. SFo reductions from the non-electric sector
  24. Tire inflation program
  25. Cool automobile paints
  26. Cement - Blended cements
  27. Cement - Energy efficiency of California cement facilities
  28. Ban of HFC release from MVAC service / dismantling
  29. Diesel - offroad equipment (agricultural)
  30. Add AC lead tightness test and repair to Smog Check
  31. Collaborative research on GHG reductionf from nitrogen land application
  32. Specifications for commercial refrigeration
  33. Reduction of venting/leaks from oil and gas systems
  34. Requirement of low-GWP GHGs for new MVACs
  35. Hybridization of meium and heavy-duty diesel vehicles
  36. Reduction of SFo in electricity generation
  37. High GWP refrigerant tracking, reporting and recovery program
  38. Foam recovery / destruction program
  39. Alternative suppressants in fire protection systems
  40. Strengthen light-duty vehicle standards
  41. Truck stop electrification with incentives for truckers
  42. Diesel-vessel speed reductions
  43. Transportation refrigeration - electric standby
  44. Electrification of stationary agricultural engines.

Glossary of AB 32 Terms and Acronyms

AB 32 – Assembly Bill 32, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006

ARB – Air Resources Board

CAPCOA – California Air Pollution Control Officers Association

CAT – Climate Action Team, a committee of multiple state agencies led by the Secretary of Cal/EPA

CO2 – carbon dioxide; a byproduct of fossil fuel combustion, cement production, and other natural processes Discrete Early Action – Greenhouse gas reduction measure underway or to be initiated by ARB that meets the AB 32 legal definition as identified by the Health and Safety Code Section 38560.5. Discrete early actions are regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions adopted by the Board and enforceable by January 1, 2010.

Early Action – Greenhouse gas reduction measure underway or to be initiated by ARB in the 2007 – 2012 timeframe. These measures may be regulatory or non-regulatory in nature.

EJAC – Environmental Justice Advisory Committee

GHG – greenhouse gas or gases; defined in AB 32 as including carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride; also known as “the Kyoto six”

GWP – global warming potential; the relative warming of a greenhouse gas over a specified time period as compared to carbon dioxide which has a GWP defined as 1. The Kyoto Protocol uses a time period of 100 years.

HFCs – hydrofluorocarbons; a class of compounds whose molecules consist of carbon, hydrogen, and fluorine atoms typically used as a refrigerant in air conditioning systems and as aerosol propellants

HSC – (the California) Health and Safety Code

LCFS – Low Carbon Fuel Standard

MMTCO2E – million metric tons (of) carbon dioxide equivalent (gases)

MVAC – motor vehicle air conditioning (systems)

OAL – California Office of Administrative Law 21

OHRV – Off Highway Recreational Vehicle

PFCs – perfluorocarbons, a class of compounds derived from hydrocarbons by replacement of hydrogen atoms by fluorine atoms. PFCs are made up of atoms of carbon, fluorine, and/or sulfur, and are mostly used in the semi-conductor industry

SCAQMD – South Coast Air Quality Management District

SF6 – sulfur hexafluoride; a highly stable non-conducting chemical used for and emitted from various industrial processes and in the manufacturing of electrical circuitry

SOURCE OF AB 32 Updates

Check back at this website (arb.ca.gov/gmbond) for updates and documents

Climate Change Background Links and Documents

California Climate Action Team

Goods Movement and Ports Action Plan -- joint webpage of the California Business, Transportation & Housing Agency (BT&H) and the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA).



Edited by Carolyn Allen, owner/editor of California Green Solutions
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